Beers M. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 17th ed. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories; 1999.
Fecal and urinary incontinence in adults: clinical effectiveness to reduce the risk of urinary incontinence. National Library of Medicine website. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=erta161&part=A259131 . December 2007. Accessed August 7, 2010.
Kasper DL, Harrison TR. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 16th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2005.
3/5/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Boyle R, Hay-Smith EJ, Cody JD, et al. Pelvic floor muscle training for prevention and treatment of urinary and fecal incontinence in antenatal and postnatal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Oct 17;(10):CD007471.