About Us  |  Contact Us  |  Español
Care New England Health System
cne_uplefticon
Care New England
 
    Health Library
    Find A Doctor
Search by Last Name
Search by Specialty
Search by CNE Affiliation*
Search by Keyword
 
Limit Search Results By
Gender
Languages

Apoplexy

Definition

Apoplexy is bleeding into a cavity or organ. There are various forms of apoplexy, including:
  • Adrenal apoplexy—bleeding into adrenal glands
  • Pituitary apoplexy—bleeding into the pituitary gland
Pituitary Gland
Pituitary Gland Male
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

Apoplexy may be caused by:
  • Tumor growth
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Blood clot
  • Acute illness
  • Drastic changes in blood volume or blood pressure
  • Blood clotting disorders

Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chance of developing apoplexy include:
  • Hormonal insufficiency
  • Previous surgery
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Injury
  • Sheehan's syndrome—severe blood loss during childbirth

Symptoms

Symptoms may include:
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Bluish skin color
  • Fever
  • Loss of vision
  • Double vision
  • Confusion
  • Pain
  • Fatigue

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:

Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Initial treatment will be done to stabilize you. After you have been stabilized, treatment options will be chosen based on the cause and location of your apoplexy. Options include:
  • Medications—to correct hormonal imbalances
  • Surgery—tumor removal if the tumor is the cause

Prevention

There is no known way to prevent apoplexy.

RESOURCES

Hormone Health Network http://www.hormone.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Canadian Institute for Health Information http://www.cihi.ca

Canadian Institutes of Health Research http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca

References

Pituitary apoplexy . UCLA Health System website. Available at: http://neurosurgery.ucla.edu/body.cfm?id=206. Accessed October 8, 2013.

Revision Information

Care New England Health System
© 2011 Site Index | Disclaimer | Legal Notices