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Medications for Chlamydia

Prescription Medications

Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics.
First-line antibiotics include:
  • Amoxicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Ofloxacin
Azithromycin
This antibiotic is effective with a single dose. If you have liver disease, or kidney disease, this medicine should be use with caution.
Side effects may include:
  • Stomach pain
  • Rash
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
Doxycycline
This antibiotic is usually given for seven days. It is just as effective as a single dose of azithromycin. It should not be used in children less than 8 years old or in pregnancy.
Side effects may include:
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensitivity to sunlight
  • Diarrhea
  • Decreased appetite
Other antibiotics
  • Amoxicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Ofloxacin
These antibiotics are usually given for seven days.
Side effects may include:
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Rash
  • Cramping, loss of appetite (Erythromycin)
  • Headache, lightheadedness, insomnia (Levofloxacin, Ofloxacin)

References

Chlamydia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/default.htm . Updated April 30, 2013. Accessed May 16, 2013.

Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated March 13, 2013. Accessed May 16, 2013.

Chlamydia fact sheet. US Department of Health and Human Services Women's Health website. Available at: hhttp://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/chlamydia.cfm . Updated July 8, 2011. Accessed May 16, 2013.

Miller KE. Diagnosis and treatment of chlamydia trachomatis infection. Am Fam Physician. 2006;73:1411-1416.

Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: David Horn, MD
  • Review Date: 05/2014
  • Update Date: 05/28/2014
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